This means that the URL in question has a meta description that is different in the response HTML of the page, when compared with the rendered HTML.
Why is this important?
However, this doesn't mean that this is the optimal way to deliver page content to search engines.
The problem is that rendering webpages is a resource intensive task, and it takes significantly longer than simply grabbing source (response) HTML content.
This is why Google essentially crawl URLs in a two-stage process: their 'first look' is of the HTML response, then they render the page and have a 'second look' at the rendered HTML, then they update the index based on what they found in the rendered HTML.
As a result, URLs can and do enter the index initially based on this 'first look' (i.e. the HTML response) and there will be an indeterminate amount of time between this and the 'second look' (i.e. the rendered HTML).
So it is important that the HTML response contains all of the core elements as you want them to be included in the index, including the meta description.
This becomes particularly important if the page content (and meta description) is changing all the time, you can easily end up in a situation where Google have the 'old' version indexed.
What does the Hint check?
This Hint will trigger for any internal URL that contains a different meta description in the response and rendered HTML.
Examples that trigger this Hint
This Hint will trigger for any URL that has a meta description in the <head> of the response HTML, which has a different value in the rendered HTML.
For example, if the response HTML looked like this:
And the rendered HTML looked like this:
How do you resolve this issue?
The meta description is an important on-page element - you really want to have this available to Google on their first look of the page.